Iranian carpet use and production is important. The Persian rug or carpet has long been known and used, as documented by the Greek historian Xenophon in the book of Cyrus Cyrus, between the years 430 and 345 BC: “Iranians spread carpets under their bed in order to have a soft bed.”
Suisseu’s Chinese calendar of the Sassanid period refers to the woolen carpet as an imported product to China in the Sassanid period.
The famous Baharestan carpet at the Tisphon Palace was widely reflected in Islamic literature for its splendor.
The oldest specimen of carpet in the world ever found is an Aryan rug with original Achaemenid motifs found in the frozen grave of a Scythian ruler in the Pazirik Valley, 2 kilometers outside of Inner Mongolia, called Pazirik Carpet.
Scholars consider this carpet to be from the handicrafts of the Parthians or Medes, from the Achaemenid period.
Currently, 5% of Iranian carpet exports are through East Azerbaijan province.
Iran’s relative advantage in the Iranian carpet use and production
You can know about Iranian carpet use and production . One of the notable phenomena in recent years is the growing trend of globalization; Iran has also joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) and is currently a member of the Organization to oversee non-oil exports and presence in world markets.
One of the important industries that should be studied for this purpose is the handmade carpet industry.
Isfahan silk export competitiveness index is equal to 0.5 and indicates that Isfahan silk rug has competitiveness in global markets in the current situation.
The relative cost index, based on the unit cost, which is the real competitive advantage in terms of free competition after Iran’s accession to the WTO, stands at 0.7 and indicates the province’s relative advantage in producing the said carpet.
The history of Iranian carpet use and production has a lot of vacuum and is now faced with little or no evidence in the field, such as historical and literary evidence or authentic old paintings that depict old carpets because the rugs and textiles and objects used are shorter than their lifespan.
Another handmade art, such as glazed pottery or metal. For their evidence, scholars rely on early sources such as the Bible and the works of Homer and many other authors and writers to make up for the lack of historical evidence.
Unfortunately, they have been misled by reliance on early translations often due to translation errors and misunderstandings.